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Scholars have recently noted the paucity of scholarship on administrative licenses as especially significant given the prevalence-indeed ubiquity-of administrative licenses today.This Article contributes to filling that void by tackling an aspect of administrative licensing that has received especially little attention and, as a result, has been a source of serious confusion: license renewals. As this Article details, administrative license renewal practices raise interesting and important questions about administrative law and procedural due process. Does one have a property interest in a license after that license expires by its terms? Is an agency's decision not to renew a license more akin to denying an initial license application or to suspending or revoking an active license?

This Article answers these questions and then applies those answers to one particular context-the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA). Our nation's most important animal protection law, the AWA governs more than 2.5 million animals held at nearly eleven thousand locations. By all accounts, it is woefully underenforced. As this Article discusses, that underenforcement is seriously aggravated by the practice of automatically renewing AWA licenses, even in the face of egregious violations. After analyzing recent litigation that has tried to challenge this practice, the Article concludes with policy proposals to address the automatic renewal problem while also ensuring fairness.