In this Comment, the author provides an overview of TOVALOP and CRISTAL. The author also discusses other U.S. and international remedies for oil spill damages. An evaluation of the ramifications which are being realized because TOVALOP and CRISTAL are no longer enforced follows. This Comment concludes by suggesting that any future oil pollution compensation scheme must include TOVALOP and CRISTAL because these agreements provided the greatest likelihood of compensation to those damaged by maritime oil pollution.
"Death on the High Seas: The Demise of TOVALOP and CRISTAL,"
Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law: Vol. 13
, Article 5.
Available at: https://ir.law.fsu.edu/jluel/vol13/iss2/5